01626 774 775 info@korcare.co.uk

A spectrum of Alcohol Related Brain Damage…

Korsakoff’s Syndrome is part of the spectrum of Alcohol Related Brain Damage (ARBD) which merge and overlap and includes alcohol dementia; Wernicke’s encephalopathy; alcohol-related brain injury and alcoholic amnesic syndrome.

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome is mainly developed as a result of malnutrition caused by heavy drinking over time – however it is also possible to develop Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome via other causes.

The diagnosis ‘Korsakoff’s Syndrome’ is generally used to describe people who have difficulties with memory but whose other mental abilities are unaffected. ‘Alcohol dementia’ may be used when there is a more general decline in ability.




The range of damage can be from mild to very severe but generally does not degenerate if abstinence and good nutrition are maintained


Common signs for ARBD
Cognitive and memory problems such as:

  • Confusion about time and place
  • Impaired attention and concentration
  • Difficulty in processing new information both verbal and visual
  • Inability to screen out irrelevant information
  • Confabulation used to fill gaps in context and memory creating inaccurate accounts of recent or past events
  • Apathy depression and irritability

Physical problems such as:

  • Poor balance and ataxia – which may or may not improve
  • Damage to gastric system liver and pancreas
  • Traumatic brain injury causing further damage
  • Peripheral neuropathy – numbness pins and needles burning sensations or pain in hands feet and legs
  • Visual disturbance – nystagmus

Wernicke’s Encephalophy


  • Confusion about time and place
  • Drowsiness
  • Poor balance
  • Double vision
  • Abnormal eye movements


  • Very poor nutrition/damage to stomach or liver.
  • Poor absorption of thiamine leading to the breakdown of blood vessels in the brain causing leakage of blood through the capillaries affecting the parts of the brain that forms new memories and controls muscle co-ordination.


  • High dose intramuscular or intravenous thiamine (vitamin B1).


  • If treatment is commenced quickly and effectively there may be a full recovery although this is not guaranteed.
  • If treatment is delayed and the person becomes unconscious it is more likely that permanent damage is sustained and will begin to show signs of Korsakoff’s Syndrome.

Korsakoff’s Syndrome –
What is Affected?


  • Short-term memory loss – unable to retain new information and form new memories.
  • Confabulation – filling in the gaps with made-up memories and fantasies. Gaps in memory may be filled with constructions around real events but out of sequence and inaccurate. There may be delusions about the past.

Other impairments:

  • Loss of spontaneity and initiative Lack of insight into their condition and how it may have developed. Unrealistic expectation of their condition.
  • Cognitive impairment – a deterioration in the ability to think or understand.
KorCare Ltd
Nightingale House
Landscore Close
TQ14 9LD

1 + 5 =


Welcome to Korcare

KorCare Ltd. is a unique specialist residential care resource based in Teignmouth, Devon for people suffering from Korsakoff’s Syndrome.

Korsakoff’s Syndrome is part of the spectrum of Alcohol Related Brain Damage (ARBD) which merge and overlap and includes alcohol dementia; Wernicke’s encephalopathy; alcohol-related brain injury and alcoholic amnesic syndrome.

Our Clients are referred nationally and from a diversity of agencies or private referral and may be resident for a three month assessment period or for longer term care after the three month assessment period is completed.

Our aim is to provide a safe structured supportive environment for people with ARBD/Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome in order to give security in what otherwise would be a very confusing world.

We provide:

  • 24 hour care with awake night staff
  • A high quality level of personal care
  • A ‘dry’ house – alcohol is not allowed on the premises and we ask that an Alcohol Dependency Agreement is signed by the client and their representative
  • Personal support attending medical appointments ie GP/hospital/dental/optician
  • A healthy and wholesome diet to support the nutritional requirements of Wernicke-Korsakoff’s in order to boost vitamin B1 intake (thiamine)
  • Support for those who wish to give up smoking
  • Assistance with financial affairs and claiming benefits
  • A programme of regular recreational and diversional therapies catering for a variety of interests
  • Fully supported risk-assessed holidays either abroad or in the UK

New website coming soon but if you would like any further details please contact us:

Nightingale House, Landscore Close, Teignmouth, South Devon. TQ14 9LD.
Tel: (daytime) 01626 774 775 – (out of hours) 01626 773 904
Fax : 01626 770 331